2021 Legacy Research Grant Award recipient - Dr. Daniel Rainham


2021 Legacy Research Grant Recipient - Dr. Daniel Rainham

About the Researcher:

Daniel is an Associate Professor in the School of Health and Human
Performance in the Faculty of Health  at Dal and holds several cross
appointments in Community Health and Epidemiology, the College
of Sustainability, and is the former Director of the Environmental
Science program. He is also a Senior Research Scholar with the
Healthy Populations Institute, is Co-Lead of the Creating Sustainable
Health Systems in a Climate Crisis project, and is an Associate
Scientist with the Maritime SPOR Support Unit in the Faculty of
His research is focused at the nexus of population health science,
environmental epidemiology and health geography, with a emphasis
on people-environment interactions and health behaviours, the
health benefits of nature contact in health promotion, and technological
innovations in wearable data capture and spatial analytics.

Ph.D. in Population Health Science, University of Ottawa
M.Sc. in Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta

Researcher Website: https://www.danielrainham.ca

Description of the Research:

Community-level estimation of smoking behaviour prevalence in Nova Scotia

Although the proportion of Nova Scotians engaged in smoking behaviour has
declined somewhat over the past two decades, the province still has the third
highest rate of smoking in Canada. There are signals that more Nova Scotians
are smoking again, particularly younger males. Smoking is still the top risk
factor for causing death with more than 1,600 Nova Scotians dying
prematurely due to cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. We can do
much more to prevent and reduce smoking behaviours and organizations like
the Lung Association and the Nova Scotia Health Authority have plans to
prevent lung disease and deliver health services and tobacco control programs
at a more local level. Unfortunately, we do not have the data at the local level
necessary to support communities that need these services and programs the

The aim of this project is to calculate estimates of smoking behaviours at the
community level so that efforts to improve lung health are more targeted and
effective. We will use data on smoking behaviours from multiple health surveys
to estimate rates of smoking behaviour for more than 300 communities in
Nova Scotia. We will then map these data to support the Lung Association and
the Nova Scotia Health Authority and their efforts to promote health and delivery
of health services particularly for communities with higher rates of smoking
prevalence in Nova Scotia. Ultimately this research supports the mission of
the Lung Association and their efforts to reduce smoking behaviour and
reduce the burden of respiratory and related chronic diseases in Nova Scotia

Page Last Updated: 13/08/2021